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The overall objective of the project is to provide a full-chain analysis related to impact of health protection measures related to priority pollutants as identified by the Environment and Health Action Plan (COMM (2004)416), in order to support the development of cost effective policy measures against pollution related diseases and their wider impacts.

For individual compounds specifically mentioned in the Environment and Health Strategy, a body of information generated during the past decade, is already available to varying degrees. Macroeconomic models have not been extensively used, as most available economic assessments have a cost-benefit analysis as their main objective.

The project aims thus on extending existing methodologies and models to provide an impact-pathway-based model for evaluation of the role of public health externalities on society, made operational for the selected compounds.

Specifically, the objectives are related to the following pollutants: ozone, heavy metals (mercury, cadmium, arsenic, nickel, lead), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins and indoor air pollution. The analysis should as much as possible look at the different components of particulate matter. The project will:

  • Identify emission reduction measures and their costs for PCBs, Dioxins and indoor air pollution, and review such information for ozone and heavy metals, particularly through the ESPREME project progress for heavy metals. 
  • Evaluate benefits of such measures in terms of reduction of health impacts, including possible ancillary benefits, based on data derived from current and previous relevant projects (e.g. ESPREME, MERLIN, INFOS) 
  • Evaluate uncertainties related to single health estimates and provide guidance on how to deal with these uncertainties 
  • review existing non-health benefit aspects of emission reductions, identify missing elements and seek to fill in the gaps, such as providing additional valuation estimates 
  • based on the cost benefit analysis approach used for the CAFE programme and on its review, develop an integrating methodology that would allow a split between economic and social benefits both direct and indirect 
  • construct and evaluate a number of emission abatement scenarios using the integrated system for cost benefit analysis (all scenarios based on RAINS/CAFE and ESPEREME)
  • assess the macro-economic impacts of the constructed scenarios for key economic variables broken down by economic sector.

Main deliverables from the project will thus include evaluation of a number of emission scenarios using a cost-benefit analysis and a macro-economic modelling, A coherent set of methodologies covering the indicated priority pollutants will be developed and applied in this evolution.